桃之夭夭,灼灼其華(@[]@!!)英文帝國...震驚了XDXD雙語閱讀:關於英式下午茶那些你不知道的事


英文 補習 班


The warm weather outside may look perfect for outdoor exercise。 But for those who are not that sporty, what could be nicer than having a relaxing afternoon tea with a few good friends and taking a break from studying?

溫暖的天氣最適合進行戶外活動瞭。但對那些非運動型的人來說,還有什麼能比在學習之餘、約上三五好友一起暢享輕松下午茶來得更愜意呢?

But are you familiar with the culture of afternoon tea ― its origins, what‘s included, and the proper etiquette? We sum up a few things you need to know about this traditional English custom so that you can enjoy it more。

但你瞭解下午茶文化嗎?包括它的起源、內容以及禮儀?為瞭讓你更盡興地享受這一英式傳統,我們為你盤點瞭一些喝下午茶的必備知識。

Where it all began

起源

While the tradition of drinking tea dates back to more than 3,000 BC in China, it was not until the mid 17th century that the concept of “afternoon tea” first appeared in the UK。

在中國,飲茶的傳統可以追溯到公元前3000年,而直到十七世紀中葉,英國才首次出現瞭“下午茶”的概念。

In 1840, Anna Maria Russell, the seventh Duchess of Bedford, started asking for a tea tray with butter, bread and cakes at 4 pm every day, as she found she was hungry at this time and the evening meal in her household was served fashionably late at 8 pm。 She found this new habit difficult to break and soon invited other ladies in society to join her。

1840年,第七世貝德福德公爵夫人安娜?瑪利亞?羅素每天都會吩咐仆人在下午4點備好一個盛有黃油、面包以及蛋糕的茶盤,因為她發現自己每天下午4點都會餓,而當時時興的晚餐時間是晚上8點。很快她發現這個新習慣令人欲罷不能,便邀請另一些女士來加入其中。

This pause for tea quickly became a fashionable social event。 During the 1880s, upperclass and society women would change into long gowns, gloves and hats for their afternoon tea。

這種茶歇很快便成瞭當時的社會潮流。到瞭19世紀80年代,上流社會女性則會為瞭享用一頓下午茶而專門換上長禮服、手套以及帽子。

What an afternoon tea includes

下午茶的內容

Traditional afternoon tea, which is typically served between 4 pm and 6 pm, is technically a small meal, not a drink。 It consists of a selection of dainty sandwiches (thinly sliced cucumber sandwiches with the crusts cut off are a classic), freshly baked scones served with cream and fruit jam, cakes and pastries。 Of course, tea or coffee, served with milk and sugar, is also provided。

傳統的下午茶一般會於下午四點至六點間供應。確切來說,這是一頓簡餐,並非僅僅喝茶而已。餐點包括精致的三明治(去邊面包制成的薄片黃瓜三明治則是經典之選)、新鮮出爐的英式松餅配上奶油和果醬,還有蛋糕和其他甜點。當然少不瞭搭配奶和糖的咖啡或茶。

Nowadays, you can enjoy a traditional yet fancy afternoon tea with pot-brewed tea and delicate snacks in many restaurants and hotels。 But in the average home, afternoon tea is likely to be much simpler ― biscuits with a mug of tea, usually produced using a teabag。

如今,你能在很多的餐廳和酒店享受到這樣一頓傳統而別致的下午茶——一壺沏好的香茗,配上數樣精美糕點。但在尋常人傢,下午茶往往就簡單得多瞭——用馬克杯沖泡一個茶包,再配上幾塊餅幹就可以瞭。

Etiquette of afternoon tea

下午茶禮儀

As with everything, a particular etiquette is associated with afternoon tea。 Here are a few tips for ensuring your tea taking standards are faultless。

事事皆有禮儀,下午茶亦不例外。下面這些小貼士,可以確保你享受一次完美的下午茶。

1。 By definition, afternoon tea is a dainty meal。 So, when you drink your tea, take small sips rather than “glugging” it down。 There‘s a definite order to taking tea, but the actual drinking of tea can take place throughout the “meal”。

1。顯然,下午茶是精致的一餐。所以,飲茶時要小口啜飲,不能端杯見底。雖然喝茶的順序有講究,但實際上,在整個下午茶過程中,你隨時可以品嘗香茗。

2。 Similarly, the food served should be consumed in a restrained fashion as well。 Sandwiches are eaten first, followed by the sweet snacks, such as cakes, pastries and scones。

2。同樣,品嘗下午茶食物也是十分講究的。先吃三明治、然後是甜點,例如蛋糕,點心以及英式松餅。

3。 Scones are always broken, never cut。 They should be served with jam and clotted cream, or butter。 The jam goes on first, followed by the cream or butter。

3。英式松餅往往是小塊的,不再作切分。一般會配上果醬、固體奶油或黃油。先抹果醬,然後再塗奶油或黃油。

4。 Crumpets are buttered whole and then cut before eating。

4。吃烤餅時先要整體塗滿黃油,食用前再切開。



5。 Cakes and pastries should be made so that the use of a pastry fork is not needed, although if that‘s not the case, the use of such an implement is perfectly acceptable。

5。蛋糕和點心都是事先準備好的,因此不需要使用糕點叉,但如遇例外,也完全可以使用這些餐具。

6。 If you take milk with your tea, pour the tea first and then add milk。

6。若要在茶中添加牛奶時,切記要先倒茶再加牛奶。



本文來源:外研社



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