911?搞定英文...但。。。為何口語停滯不前?老外和你聊五點


英文 短文 閱讀


如果你想要通過考試,那就學習語法。然而,如果你想要把英語說的更流利,那麼你應該嘗試學習英語這門語言而不學習語法。


1.Don't study grammar too much

1.不過多學習語法

This rule might sound strange to many ESL students, but it is one of the most important rules. If you want to pass examinations, then study grammar. However, if you want to become fluent in English, then you should try to learn English without studying the grammar.

對於許多ESL(英語作為第二語言)學生,這條規則聽起來很奇怪,但它是最重要的規則之一。如果你想要通過考試,那就學習語法。然而,如果你想要把英語說的更流利,那麼你應該嘗試學習英語這門語言而不學習語法。

Studying grammar will only slow you down and confuse you. You will think about the rules when creating sentences instead of naturally saying a sentence like a native. Remember that only a small fraction of English speakers know more than 20% of all the grammar rules. Many ESL students know more grammar than native speakers. I can confidently say this with experience. I am a native English speaker, majored in English Literature, and have been teaching English for more than 10 years. However, many of my students know more details about English grammar than I do. I can easily look up the definition and apply it, but I don't know it off the top of my head.

學習語法會讓你慢下來,把你弄糊塗。在構建句子的時候,你會去思考規則,而不是像本國人一樣自然而然的說出一個句子。要知道,隻有很小一部分的英語使用者知道超過20%的英語語法規則。許多ESL學生知道的語法隻是要比本國人更多。從我的經驗來看,可以充分說明這一點。我的母語是英語,並且主修英語文學,到現在為止也已經教瞭十多年的英語。但是,我的學生比我知道更多有關英語語法的細節。我可以很迅速的去查找一個語法細節的定義並且去應用它,但是我再脫口而出說的時候卻都沒有意識到這些規則的存在。

I often ask my native English friends some grammar questions, and only a few of them know the correct answer. However, they are fluent in English and can read, speak, listen, and communicate effectively.

我總是問我同樣是英語為母語的朋友一些語法問題。他們當中也隻有很少一部分人能說出正確答案。但是,他們都說著很流利的英語,並且聽說讀和交流都很順暢。

2.Learn and study phrases

2.學習和研究的短語

Many students learn vocabulary and try to put many words together to create a proper sentence. It amazes me how many words some of my students know, but they cannot create a proper sentence. The reason is because they didn't study phrases. When children learn a language, they learn both words and phrases together. Likewise, you need to study and learn phrases.

很多學生學習詞匯,並嘗試把很多單詞在一起以構建一個恰當的句子。學生們的單詞量讓我很意外,但是要構建一個正確的句子對他們來說卻很難。原因是因為他們沒有學習短語。當孩子們學習一種語言時,詞和短語他們都學。同樣,你也需要學習短語。

If you know 1000 words, you might not be able to say one correct sentence. But if you know 1 phrase, you can make hundreds of correct sentences. If you know 100 phrases, you will be surprised at how many correct sentences you will be able to say. Finally, when you know only a 1000 phrases, you will be almost a fluent English speaker.

如果你知道1000 個單詞,你可能不一定能夠說一個正確的句子。但如果你知道1 個短語,你可以說數百個正確的句子。如果你知道100 個短語,你將會驚訝於你可以說如此多正確的句子。最後,當你知道隻有1000年個短語,你就能說流利的英語瞭。

3. Don't translate

3. 不要翻譯

When you want to create an English sentence, do not translate the words from your Mother tongue. The order of words is probably completely different and you will be both slow and incorrect by doing this. Instead, learn phrases and sentences so you don't have to think about the words you are saying. It should be automatic.

當你想構建一個英語句子的時候,不要嘗試著從母語翻譯句子。兩種語言的詞序有可能不同,如果嘗試翻譯,就很有可能出錯。相反,如果學習短語和句子,你就用不著思考單個單詞。這整個過程應該是不假思索的。

Another problem with translating is that you will be trying to incorporate grammar rules that you have learned. Translating and thinking about the grammar to create English sentences is incorrect and should be avoided.Reading and Listening is NOT enough. Practice speaking what you hear!

翻譯的另一個問題是你將會試圖把你所學到的語法規則全部揉起來。依靠翻譯和語法來構建英語句子是不正確的,應該避免。 閱讀和聽力是不夠的。把你聽到的英語多加練習!

Reading, listening, and speaking are the most important aspects of any language. The same is true for English. However, speaking is the only requirement to be fluent. It is normal for babies and children to learn speaking first, become fluent, then start reading, then writing. So the natural order is listening, speaking, reading, then writing.

閱讀、聽力和口語都是任何一種語言的最重要方面。英語也不例外。但是,“說”是我們唯一加瞭“流利”這個標準的。對於孩童來說,他們先開始說,之後再開始說的流利,然後開始閱讀,開始寫作。所以一個自然的順序是聽力,口語,閱讀,然後寫作。

First Problem

第一個問題

Isn't it strange that schools across the world teach reading first, then writing, then listening, and finally speaking? Although it is different, the main reason is because when you learn a second language, you need to read material to understand and learn it. So even though the natural order is listening, speaking, reading, then writing, the order for ESL students is reading, listening, speaking, then writing.

全世界的學校的教學順序都是這樣的:閱讀,寫作,然後再是聽力,最後是寫作。這真的讓人感覺到奇怪。雖然有特例,但是這其中最主要的原因還是因為當學一種第二外語的時候,你需要首先閱讀一些材料,然後在去理解和學習它。所以即使自然的秩序是聽、說、讀,然後寫作,但是ESL 學生的順序是閱讀、聽力、然後寫。

Second Problem

第二個問題

The reason many people can read and listen is because that's all they practice. But in order to speak English fluently, you need to practice speaking. Don't stop at the listening portion, and when you study, don't just listen. Speak out loud the material you are listening to and practice what you hear. Practice speaking out loud until your mouth and brain can do it without any effort. By doing so, you will be able to speak English fluently.

許多人能夠說和聽的原因是他們練習的內容就僅限於此瞭。但是為瞭流利地說英語,你需要練習口語。不要僅僅停留在就聽力部分。把聽到的材料大聲說出來,再練習。練習的時候要大聲,直到你的大腦和嘴巴能對英語信手拈來。通過這樣做,你將能夠流利地說英語。

4. Submerge yourself

4. 讓自己完全浸入

Being able to speak a language is not related to how smart you are. Anyone can learn how to speak any language. This is a proven fact by everyone in the world. Everyone can speak at least one language. Whether you are intelligent, or lacking some brain power, you are able to speak one language.

能否講一種語言,和你是否聰明無關。任何人都可以學習如何說任何一種語言無關。這在世界范圍內都是得到證實的。每個人都能講至少一種語言。無論你有多聰明,還是智商不是太高,你都能說一種語言。

This was achieved by being around that language at all times. In your country, you hear and speak your language constantly. You will notice that many people who are good English speakers are the ones who studied in an English speaking school. They can speak English not because they went to an English speaking school, but because they had an environment where they can be around English speaking people constantly.

之所以能這樣,是因為你一直被這種語言所包圍。在你的國傢,你不停的聽到並且說自己的語言。你會發現那些英語說得很好的人都是在說英語的學校裡面的。他們能說英語並不是因為是去瞭一傢說英語的學校,而是因為他們有一個環境可以讓他們不斷說英語。

There are also some people who study abroad and learn very little. That is because they went to an English speaking school, but found friends from their own country and didn't practice English.

當然,也有人去瞭國外,但是學到的東西卻很少。這是因為他們去瞭一所說英語的學校,但是周圍的朋友都是來自自己的國傢並且都不說英語。

You don't have to go anywhere to become a fluent English speaker. You only need to surround yourself with English. You can do this by making rules with your existing friends that you will only speak English. You can also carry around an iPod and constantly listen to English sentences. As you can see, you can achieve results by changing what your surroundings are. Submerge yourself in English and you will learn several times faster.

要想能夠流利說英語,你並不是非得去某個地方。隻要你能夠背英語圍繞就行。要達到這種效果,你可以和你現在的朋友約定隻說英語。你可以還隨身攜帶一臺iPod,不斷地聽英語句子。正如你所看到的,您可以通過改變你周圍的環境實現預想的效果。讓自己沉浸在英語當中,你將會學得快幾倍。

5. Study correct material

5. 使用正確的學習材料

A common phrase that is incorrect is, "Practice makes perfect." This is far from the truth. Practice only makes what you are practicing permanent. If you practice the incorrect sentence, you will have perfected saying the sentence incorrectly. Therefore, it is important that you study material that is commonly used by most people.

有句話可能有失偏頗:“熟能生巧”。練習隻能讓你永遠停留在練習。如果你練習一個不正確的句子,那麼你還會一直不正確下去。因此,你必須選擇大多數人選用的材料。

Another problem I see is that many students study the news. However, the language they speak is more formal and the content they use is more political and not used in regular life. It is important to understand what they are saying, but this is more of an advanced lesson that should be studied after learning the fundamental basics of English.

另外一個問題是,我發現很多學生都去學習新聞素材。然而,他們所學的語言聽起來就更正式,他們使用的內容就更有政治的意味,並且在日常交流中不常使用。去理解他們說什麼很重要,但是比之更重要的是在學習瞭語言基本知識之後去接觸更高級的語言知識。

Studying English with a friend who is not a native English speaker is both good and bad. You should be aware of the pros and cons of speaking with a non-native speaking friend. Practicing with a non-native person will give you practice. You can also motivate each other and point out basic mistakes. But you might pick up bad habits from one another if you are not sure about what are correct and incorrect sentences. So use these practice times as a time period to practice the correct material you studied.



和一個非英語母語的朋友一起學習英語有利也有弊。你應該意識到這種利弊。和非英語母語的人練習可以是一次練習的機會。你也可以彼此激勵,指出基本的錯誤。但是如果你不知道一個句子正確與否,你就有可能從另外一個朋友那裡帶走一些壞習慣。可以把這部分的時間利用起來去練習正確的素材。

In short, study English material that you can trust, that is commonly used, and that is correct.

簡而言之,應該去學習那些你放心的,常用的並且正確的材料學習。


本文來源:滬江英語


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